Auxiliary Nursing and Midwifery
ANM nursing is a diploma course of 2 years duration. Basically, ANM course is taken up in India by grass-root level female health workers. The course aims to train the students to work in rural healthcare setup with major focus on women, children and old people. ANM nursing students can work in the community healthcare setting both in rural as well as urban sector. The nurses who have done ANM are responsible for providing the necessary care to the area the person is in charge of in a safe and effectual way.
The main role of ANMs is to build a good and healthy environment in the sub-centers which are regarded as a small institution especially found in a village setting. Through the sub-centers, the nurses provide health care under the Primary Health Centre. The Primary Health Centre (PHC) is a service provided by the state for the health development and welfare of rural area. Currently, there are around 25,308 PHCs available in India where the ANM nurses provide their services. These days the state has made the rules of establishing almost six sub-centers under the provision of National Rural Health Mission. It was done in the year 2005 right after the National Rural Health Mission was established and it felt the need of more PHC.
Auxiliary Nursing and Midwife was first recognized by the Mukherjee Committee in the year 1966. The main target of the committee was to develop health programs in the village-level. Then later in the 1950s and 1960s massive training was given to the health worker of the village and also made them focus on midwifery and mother and child health. After a certain period of time, there was a change made by Kartar Singh Committee of the Government of India in the year 1973. The role of ANM was modified by combining the functions of the health services. The committee suggested making one ANM available for 10,000-12,000 people.
Later then the ANM roles and recognization was changed for many times by the Srivastava Committee, National Education Policy, and National Rural Health Mission. By every change, the course became more strong and value was added to this training. The Indian Nursing Council also accepted this course to be included in the syllabus in the year 1977 and the training period was reduced to 18 months which was 24 months. This course is even marked as a vocational course (stated by National Education Policy) at +2 levels in few states which was done by Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
There is also Accredited Social Health Activist (ASHA) which is a community health worker and works for the support of ANM. There are four to five ASHAs who accompany the ANMs and work together. Anganwadi Worker is another body through which the ANM trains the ASHAs. With the work collaboration, the ANMs and ASHAs are bringing remarkable changes and providing services to the pregnant woman and children. The ASHA plays a huge role in bringing the needy people of the village to ANM.
For every student who is willing to take the Auxiliary Nursing and Midwifery course, there are certain criteria which must be fulfilled to get in. Here are some of the conditions which will make one qualified to take this course:
- Student willing to join must be at least 17 years old
- No students more than 30 years of age are eligible to take this course
- Candidates must be mentally fit
- Should have good understanding of English language
To get involved in the AMN course student can only be appropriate if they have done some courses previously. The main advantage of taking this course is that a student from any educational background willing to take this course is welcomed. Know more about the education qualification needed:
- The minimum education level required for taking admission in AMN course is 10+2
- Students from educational background like Science, Management or Arts can join the course
- All the students willing to undergo this course should obtain minimum of 40-50% from their former education institute
There are some legal formalities that should be processed before one can get admitted in the ANM course. It is a compulsory process through which a student has to go to be acceptable by the college or any institution authority. Every different institute has their own admission rules and processes. Here are the main procedures one has to follow to get enrolled in ANM course:
- Fill the required application forms
- Attend entrance exam if necessary
- Present all of the SC/BC/ST- certificate from Executive Magistrate if asked
- Provide eight copies of passport size photographs
- All the details documents related to prior study
- Fees payment after the clearance of entrance exam
Auxiliary Nursing and Midwifery course is composed of different subjects that make the study of this course worth. One can get a better view and idea if the course structure is known, so here is the course outline of Auxiliary Nursing and Midwifery study:
- Community Health Nursing
- Environmental Sanitation
- Infection and Immunization
- First Aid
- Primary Medical Care
- Communicable diseases
- Community health problems
- Child health care
- Mental Health
- Health Centre Management
The course Auxiliary Nursing and Midwifery is regarded as just a Diploma program. After the completion of this course, one can do the General Nursing and Midwifery course which will add more value to the ANM degree.
After both the courses are completed one can compete for the Degree of Nursing out anywhere which is generally known as Post Basic B.Sc. Nursing. Then later one can pave the path to attend Master’s Degree in Nursing.
The course Auxiliary Nursing and Midwifery is said to be a job oriented course. After a candidate finishes his/her course related to ANM, there are many scopes where one can work and build a great career ahead. Some of the fields where ANM students can work are:
- Educational Institutes
- Medical Clinics
- Medical Care Units
After students complete their Auxiliary Nursing and Midwifery course, there are many job opportunities waiting for that student. Many students prefer serving as a health worker in different parts of the country. Some job opportunities that an ANM course brings are:
- Home Nurse
- ICU Nurse
- Infection Control Nurse
- Health Care Nurse or Advisor
- Nursing Instructor
- Rural Health Worker
- Urban Health Worker
Diploma in Auxiliary Nursing and Midwifery colleges in Bangalore
There are several colleges which provide the opportunities for students to undertake the Auxiliary Nursing and Midwifery courses throughout India. Here are list of some institution providing this course in Bangalore:
Realted Article: General Nursing and Midwifery (GNM)